This page outlines some of the projects we wish to happen in the near future. These are projects that we would love to see the open source community contribute to.

More devices

deeplearn.js targets WebGL 1.0 devices with the OES_texture_float extension and targets WebGL 2.0 devices. However, we have turned off mobile, Safari, and Firefox for demos - they should work with some minor changes to the WebGL API.


Currently, deeplearn.js only has an SGD optimizer, however the optimizer interface is generic enough to support new optimizers. We would love to see RMSProp, Adagrad, Adadelta, Adam, and Adamax.

Logical sampling

When writing custom shader programs in deeplearn.js, the author must sample textures in 2D physical texture space. This means that if an shader program operates on an Array3D, it must manually convert between logical 3D space and physical 2D texture space. Since shader programs are a little tricky to debug, this makes shader programs error-prone.

We have started on “logical sampling”, that is, introducing functions and a shader compiler that allows shaders to sample in logical space through a utility function. This means we can store higher dimensional NDArrays in 2D textures in whatever shape we want to ensure minimal reshapes when chaining operations.

Currently, matmul is the only GPU shader program that uses the new shader compiler and logical sampling, but it should serve as a guide for the way shader programs should be migrated, and how new shader programs should be written.

Batch as the outer dimension

deeplearn.js at the shader level only supports operations with a batch size of 1, whereas most other machine learning libraries use the batch size as an outer dimension. This is usually okay for many applications, though it can be restrictive when models are ported.

As part of the new shader compiler and helper functions to do logical sampling, we now can introduce batching as an outer dimension of operations.

Automatic TensorFlow to deeplearn.js

Currently we support dumping weights from a TensorFlow checkpoint into a format that can be imported into deeplearn.js, however the developer must then recreate the model in deeplearn.js and use the weights from that checkpoint.

We plan on building a way to port models directly from TensorFlow to deeplearn.js automatically from a GraphDef.

Dynamic batching

Dynamic batching, which allows training with explicitly defining a graph, but instead simply analyzing the forward mathematical operations and differentiating that dynamic computation graph, is a popular method for training models.

We can implement dynamic batching by doing it at the NDArrayMath layer. When mathematical methods are called, we can record operations that were called and automatically differentiate when requested.

Recurrence in training

deeplearn.js doesn’t currently support recurrence as top level functionality during training, however we do support arbitrary data flow graphs, so recurrence should be straight forward to implement.